Effect of Pupil Teacher Ratio on Education Time Management in Primary Schools of West Bengal, India
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Education is the basic means for accelerating the human development process of a country. Under the sphere of education system, primary education gets the highest priority as it forms the foundation of formal education. Primary education in West Bengal, as all over the country, suffers from many deficiencies including problems of infrastructure, shortage of schools, shortage of teachers, the financial handicap of the parents, and so on. These deficiencies have long been recognised and formed part of the popular discourse on the shortcomings of primary education in the state. The student-teacher ratio is an important factor for school management. It has been clear by our general observation that the 30: 01 pupil teacher ratio (PTR) negatively affects primary education in both rural and urban areas. Only two or three teachers are employed in most primary schools situated in different parts of India as well as West Bengal. Directly or indirectly, the scarcity of teachers as opposed to the large number of students has negative effects on school management. There are a number of daily duties that a head teacher as well as the teacher-incharge has to perform in a primary school. This heavy load of work adversely affects the quality of classes as well as the teaching/learning process in a primary school. Besides, this also has an effect on the students’ achievement. Mainly by this study we would try to understand the effects of pupil teacher ratio on the primary school management in North 24 Parganas, West Bengal, in light of the Right to Education Act, 2009. The main objective of this study was to know the effect of pupil teacher ratio on the maintenance of the school’s daily time table and on the students’ achievement. The study reveals that the pupil teacher ratio is important but the number of teachers for each class is equally important for preserving and increasing the standard of primary school education.
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